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JTCLT Abstract

Volume 10 Number 1, 2019
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Xu, H., Li, Y., & Li, Y. (2019). Using Online Applications to Improve Tone Perception among L2 Learners of Chinese. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching, 10(1), 26-56.
[徐红英, 李艳, & 李颖颉. (2019). 网络应用对中文二语学习者声调辨识的有效性研究. 科技与中文教学 (Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching), 10(1), 26-56.]

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This study investigated the effectiveness of an online application in helping beginning-level Chinese learners improve their perception of the tones in Mandarin Chinese. Two groups—one experimental and one traditional—of beginning Chinese learners from two universities in the Midwest participated in this study. The experimental group (n=20) used the online application to practice tones for four 15-minute sessions in class. The traditional group (n=11) participated in traditional instructor-led practice in class in lieu of the online practice. Both groups completed a pre-test, an immediately administered post-test, and a delayed post-test designed to assess their perception of the tones of monosyllabic and disyllabic words. No statistically significant difference has been found between the two groups in their tone perception performance in the post-test and in the delayed post-test. However, the experimental group showed a positive trend in improving their perception on those tones which posed more difficulty than others. Their experience with this online application and the pronunciation learning strategies of participants in the experimental group were also examined through a survey. Based on the findings, it is proposed that the use of online tone practice is worthwhile in a Chinese language class, but might fit better into the curriculum as external assignments.

本研究调查了网络应用在帮助初级中文二语学习者提高声调辨识的准确度上的有效性。实验组和对照组的参与者均来自于美国中西部两所四年制大学的初级中文班。实验组的学生(n=20)参与了四次每次十五分钟的基于网络应用的课堂练习,对照组的学生(n=11) 则在实验组使用网络应用进行声调练习的时间内进行传统的教师带领的声调练习。两组学生都参加了测试单音节词、双音节词中的声调辨识准确度的前测、后测和延时后测。实验组与对照组在前测、后测及延后测试中声调辨识的准确度上没有显著差异。然而,实验组在某些比较难辨识的声调上显示出较好的改进倾向。实验组的学生还完成了一份检测学习者使用网络应用进行声调练习的经验和学习发音的策略的问卷。根据调查结果,本文建议在正式的教学中使用网络应用进行声调练习,但这种练习可能更适合作为作业让学生在课外完成。

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