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JTCLT Abstract

Volume 10 Number 2, 2019
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Zhang, S. (2019). Learning Chinese Culture through Multimedia Authentic Materials and Ethnographic Interview in a Blended Learning Environment: A New Approach. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching, 10(2), 125-149.
[张胜兰. (2019). 多媒体与民族志访谈相结合的文化教学方法在混合式教学环境下的运用:中文为外语教学中文化教学初探. 科技与中文教学 (Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching), 10(2), 125-149.]

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This study tests the effectiveness of a multi-modal approach to integrating culture in a language course for beginning learners. The approach combines the use of multimedia materials with an ethnographic interview with native speakers and it takes advantage of: 1) a blended learning environment that saves face-to-face meeting time for language practice, 2) easily-accessible authentic, multimedia materials available on the Internet, and 3) the plethora of Chinese national students on campuses in the United States. Thirty-three second-semester Chinese learners participated in this study. Data include pre- and post-questionnaires and a reflection essay. Results show that this approach not only teaches students about Chinese culture and increases their interest in learning the language, but also helps them acquire a method of learning culture.

文化在语言教学中的重要性已被语言教学研究者与教师广为认可,研究者也提出了不同的文化教学模式。然而迄今为止,验证这些教学模式是否有效的实证性研究几乎没有。本研究旨在探讨混合式教学中运用一个将多媒体与民族志访谈相结合的多模态文化教学方法对初级中文学习者的影响。此文化教学方法的设计基于三点考虑:1) 文化教学可融入混合式教学,以节约面对面课堂教学时间,使课堂教学集中于目标语练习;2) 文化教学可以合理利用网络上大量的免费多媒体资源; 3) 大量中国留学生涌入美国大学校园为中文学习者提供了一个独特的微文化环境,文化教学可以利用这一微文化环境。 三十三位初级中文学习者参与了此项研究。通过对于前测后测问卷以及反思文章的分析,作者认为,此文化教学方法增进了学习者的文化知识,增强了学习者对中文学习的兴趣,而且让他们学会了一个新的学习文化的方法。

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