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JTCLT Abstract

Volume 4 Number 1, 2013
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Kochhar, G. (2013). Teaching Chinese to Indian Students: An Understanding. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching, 4(1), 14-36.
[康婧. (2013). 教印度学生学汉语:一些认识. 科技与中文教学 (Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching), 4(1), 14-36.]

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The paper highlights the difficulties of learning Chinese language for Indian students with diverse linguistic backgrounds, while reemphasizing the point that Chinese language in itself is one of the toughest languages, especially in India where it has to be learned through another foreign language i.e. English. The paper hypothesizes that multilingual speakers of any community faces greater problems of learning new languages when the medium of teaching is not their mother tongue and when there is lack of target language environment with proper infrastructure. The study is based on a questionnaire circulated among 79 students between the age group of 18 to 30 learning Chinese as a major. Respondents belong to various regional and linguistic backgrounds, but residing and learning Chinese in Delhi. In addition, speech recording analysis and answer scripts analysis is done to identify practical problems faced by the students of Jawaharlal Nehru University. The study excludes those who acquired the language more than three years ago.

印度学生虽然有多种语言的背景,可是学汉语的时候有不少困难。汉语本身就是难以掌握的语言,不过,对印度学生来说,通过一个外语,即英语,掌握汉语是最大的难点。本论文认为,会说多种语言的群体如果不用母语来学外语而且也没有目的语言的环境,就难以掌握外语。本论文用尼赫鲁大学 79 个学生的实际考察来作分析。结果发现间接方法来教汉语是学生掌握不了汉语的最大原因。印度大学的汉语教材陈旧,当地教师的缺乏,以及缺少当地语言环境是其他的困境。先进技术的使用可以消除一些困难。

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