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JTCLT Abstract

Volume 6 Number 2, 2015
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Xu, D. (2015). Issues in CALL Studies. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching, 6(2), 1-16.
[许德宝. (2015). CALL研究中的问题. 科技与中文教学 (Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching), 6(2), 1-16.]

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Based on current available literature, this paper summarizes the issues in Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) through examining its beginning and development, name and definition, research methodology and theoretical framework, debates and rethink, current trend and future direction, and comparison with Chinese CALL. The result shows that Chinese CALL went through the same phases as CALL studies did and experienced the same debates and reconsideration about CALL studies. Their correspondent phases are (according to Xu 2004, 2005, 2013): 1. Pioneering Stage in Chinese CALL (1970-1985) is correspondent to Behaviorist or Structural CALL (1970s-80s), 2. Starting (1986-1993) and Developing (1994-1999) Stages in Chinese CALL is correspondent to Communicative CALL (1980s-90s), 3. Omni-directional Development in Chinese CALL (2000-2004) is correspondent to Integrative CALL (after 2000), and 4. New Trend in CALL (2005-2015) is correspondent to Social CALL (after Web. 2.0). The purpose of the study is two-fold, (1) to review and compare the development of CALL and Chinese CALL, and (2) to summarize the current trend and forecast the directions of CALL studies.

本文根据现有的研究,归纳总结CALL(Computer Assisted Language Learning)的发生、发展、名称和定义、研究方法和理论框架、实践与反思、问题和争论、当前研究重点和发展趋势等,同时与中文CALL做比较。结果表明,中文电脑辅助语言学习 与CALL研究的发展基本一致,也出现过对CALL的反思和争议,同时也经历了与CALL研究相对应的发展阶段,比如(根据Xu 2004、2005、2013)中文CALL的开创阶段(1970-1985)与行为主义、结构主义CALL(1970s-80s、详见正文)相对应,起步(1986-1993)和发展阶段(1994-1999)与交际CALL(1980s-90s)相对应,全方位开拓阶段(2000-2005)与整体教学CALL(2000以降)相对应,CALL的新趋势(2006-2015)与社会CALL(Web. 2.0以后)相对应。本文研究的目的有两个:一是总结CALL研究并与中文CALL做比较,二是归纳CALL的新趋势并尝试预测CALL研究的方向。

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